2010 Qaranka Annual Open Appeal letter to The UN Security Council
16 June 2010
Somali Peace Activist
Dear Mr. President Heller,
First, I would like to thank your honorable Office for accepting my 2005 U.N. Security Council Somalia Open Appeal Letter to Mexico. In 1992, I read El Mundo Hispanico, a Mexican North America news paper, which in its international section reported, that today the Mexican Foreign Minister, traveled to Washington D.C., to deliver a letter of protest to the American government to request not to send military mission “Restore Hope” to Somalia. It added, that Mexico was concerned the presence of the world's remaining Superpower military in Somalia, which seems recovering from civil war and famine, might create faction power struggle that could descend the country further into chaos.
Since then, it seems the U.S., to evade facing up the international fall-out from waging three anti-terror wars in three Islamic nations: Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia, simultaneously, opted to out-source her military interventions in Somalia. The 2006 Christmas Eve American-backed Ethiopian invasion and occupation in Somalia, the U.S.-led NATO anti-piracy mission at Somalia Coast, and the American funded, trained, and transported Ugandan-Burundian African mission in Somalia (Amisom) peace keepers in Mogadishu. On 8 March 2007 the Washington Post confirmed U.S.'s covered military missions in Somalia, by stating, “The State Department has hired a major military contractor to help equip and provide logistical support to international peace keepers in Somalia, giving the United States a significant role in the critical mission without assigning combat forces.”
Likewise, Mr. Johnny Carson, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Africa, recently said, “U.S. policy in Somalia is guided by our support for the Djibouti peace process...which enjoys the support of Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). The U.S. support for Amisom provided something in the neighborhood of $185 million over the last 18 or 19 months."
For nearly 20 years, the U.N. has been funding IGAD head of states to under their auspice host Somali peace conferences, bring a list of Somali parliament members and president, then fly them with protecting peace keepers to war-torn Somalia to rule. But IGAD states are in a conflict region. The International Rescue Committee issued “ Mortality Report”, that announced, “During the two years 1998-99 Ugandan and Rwandan invasion in the Congo Democratic Republic 1.7 million Congolese people died from combat, hunger and diseases, and that non of deaths would have occurred if Uganda would not have invaded the Congo Republic.”
According to Nobel Prize in Peace winner Jimmy Carter, Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi-led 1998-2000 Ethiopia-Eritrea war cost the lives of 100,000 people. A few years later, in 2006 Mr. Zenawi invaded another of his neighbors, Somalia, where he carried two years of urban war in, using heavy artillery, aerial bombings, bullet-proof tanks, and vehicles, which reduced the two million population of Mogadishu to about 700,000 people today.
President Hassan Bashir of Sudan involved nearly quarter of century civil war in Southern Sudan, and the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued his arrest warrant on war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Darfur.
Last month, France TV 24, reported that, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, ICC prosecutor, flew to Kenya to investigate crimes against humanity committed post Kenya's 2007 presidential election civil war that claimed 1500 lives.
In Kenya. Mr. Moreno avoided mentioning that president Kibaki committed war crimes, but said, “Kenyan political leaders organized and financed the attacks against civilians.”
Furthermore, the recent nomination of Augustine P. Mahiga, Tanzania' Ambassador to U.N. as the Secretary-General Special Representative for Somalia seems to deepen the Somalia tragedy. Ever since the U.S. Embassies bombings on 7 August 1998 in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, which killed more than 200 people and injured thousands was blamed to Al Qaida men trained in the neighboring Somalia, Tanzania and Kenya policy toward Somalia was converged to that of U.S., and Ethiopia, to condemn Somalia to be the only African nation that the war on terror is waged.
Tanzania is not the only Third World country that co-founded the International Somalia Contact Group, formed in 10 June 2006 by U.S., U.K., Tanzania, Norway, Sweden, and Italy, but also the only Third World member state in the Somalia Contact Group.
In addition, Tanzania is the only Third World country that co-drafted with the U.S. and Britain, Council Resolution 1725 (2006), which violated Council Resolution 733 (1992) Somalia weapon Embargo, to authorize Ethiopia to invade Somalia. East Africa is a conflict zone.
1978 Tanzanian Ugandan war, military dictator Idi Amin blamed Julius Nyerere for backing and arming his enemy, Milton Obote. The current Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni was Mr. Obote's intelligence chief. The Somali military dictator Siyad Bare sided the war with Amin and infuriated Nyerere, the hero of African Socialism.
This might explain why Tanzania demonstrated a bellicose attitude towards tragedy stricken Somalia, and also it may shed light why Uganda was the only country in the world that sent troops to Somalia, until Burundi joined them recently.
It's crystal clear that Mr. Mahiga has a conflict of interest in Somalia. It seems the reason Tanzania was excluded from IGAD was to use her as a bench player, to substitute when IGAD members tire applying chaos theory in Somalia.
Your Excellencies, Though Somalia is an Arab League state, in the past decade, not a single time has the U.N. nominated an Arab diplomat or someone from Somalia friendly states such Malaysia or Indonesia to head the U.N. agencies that work on the Somalia Case.
For 19 years and on, the U.S., U.K., and France kept skillfully transferring Somali sovereignty rights, and U.N. rights, international aid, and trade assets to the hands of the East African States. For example, a plane landing in Somalia today, must get landing authorization from Nairobi or Kampala Uganda; Somali pirates are prosecuted in Kenyan courts.
When Somalia made several ill-prepared invasions to Ethiopia and Kenya in the 60s and 70s, to reclaim territories lost after W.W. Two, Ethiopia and Kenya made a military War Pact in the 80s, dubbed as defensive pact, to let no stones unturned in destroying Somalia. Thanks to the U.S.'s war on terror, that Pact is becoming a reality today.
German Defense Minister, Franz Josef Jung resigned on 27 November 2009 over the deaths of civilians killed on collateral damage in Afghanistan, but the Ugandan Burundian force fire civilians indiscriminately, a violation of 1949 Geneva Convention, the Protection of civilian persons in time of war. And the Council rewards them with some more forces, more weapons, more funds, and more time.
Somalis do not understand when in the past four months alone, the people of Kirghistan , Niger, and Guinea Bissau overthrew their governments, formed in the capitals of their own countries by their own people, then why for nearly 20 years, the Organization has been holding Somalis at gun-point to accept foreign formed Somali transitional governments and their protecting peace keepers.
It's imperative the Security Council to begin thinking about the international community's long term interests in the Horn of Africa. A lasting peace can be achieved in Horn of Africa if a fraction of the annual budget the Council spends on NATO Piracy Force and Amisom peace keepers, instead spends on the Somalis to rebuild the democratic institutions destroyed during the civil war. Unlike Iraq and Afghanistan, from 1956 P.M. Abdullahi Isse five-year-term Administration, to 1979 president Shermarke Ali's Government, Somalia had one of the longest held democracy in the history of Africa.
For centuries, the economy of the world depended the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean commercial shipping route as the economy of America relies to the Panama Canal. Finally, the 15 million Somalis in East Africa becoming terrorists can pose a challenge to the world unless their peace and security concern is addressed. It's the economic interest of the world Peace Body to withdrew the Ugandan-Burundian troops, to avert from Somalia, the worst humanitarian crisis, radicalization, piracy, and prevent the people from other other Indian Ocean nations such India and Indonesia join the lucrative piracy business.
Ali E. H. NAALEEYE
The Somalia interested UN General Assembly Member States
The U.N. Secretary General
President of the African Union
The Secretary General of the Arab League
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